Always teach young children to hold hands with an adult when they go out and don’t let them run ahead.

Every time you & your child/ren stop at the kerb, train them to look both ways and to listen for vehicles that are not always easy to see, like cyclists, cars coming around a bend, etc.  Remind them that they must use their eyes & ears together when checking the road as sometimes you can hear traffic before you can see it. 

Teach young children to be aware that cars on the road travel closest to you from the right.  This is why a pedestrian should normally look right first.  (Right, left, right etc)

Children under the age of ten may not able to judge speed, distance or the origin of sound as well as adults can, so they should look for bigger gaps than adults might look for.

Use a pedestrian crossing if there is one available.  They are there for a reason and may indicate a high volume of traffic and a busy road.  Teach children that a pedestrian crossing is a safer place to cross but it must be used correctly.

Teach children to always wait for the traffic to stop, even if the Green Man is showing.

Whenever possible try to make eye contact with the driver so they are aware of your presence, especially when using pedestrian crossings, this means not trying to cross too close to a lorry as the driver wouldn’t see you.

Remember children copy adults so set a good example whenever you can, like waiting for the Green Man.

Encourage older children to avoid bad habits like using mobile phones whilst crossing the road.

Be aware of driveways, cars may be backing out or driving in. Remember Stop, Look all around & listen.  This also applies to car parks too, children should learn of the potential dangers in car parks.

Teach children that if they are unable to see the driver, the driver will not be able to see the pedestrian.  Avoid crossing where your visibility is poor, for example: the brow of a hill, a corner or close to parked cars. 

Be bright be seen!  Whilst wearing reflective material at night a pedestrian or cyclist can be visible to a driver at 150 metres using low beam headlights.  It is equally important to be visible during daylight hours, wear bright or fluorescent material so the drivers can see you.

An average sized family car weighs a ton, this is equivalent to a juvenile elephant. This means that during an ‘emergency stop’ a car travelling at 30mph would have travelled the distance of six parked cars before coming to a stop. Teach your children that this is why we never cross while a car is coming (no matter how far away we think it might be).  A driver will always try to avoid a collision but the heavy objects cannot stop instantly.